Culture of Turkey
People in Turkey speak the Turkish language. The linguistic diversity of Turkey is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Turkey is 0.2216. The followers of Islam are the religious majority in the country. 71.5% of Turkey's population live in cities. This percentage comprises the urban population of Turkey. The rate of urbanization in Turkey is considered to be 1.9. According to data on inbound tourists in Turkey, 37,795,000 tourists arrive in the country each year.
The national anthem of Turkey is called 'İstiklâl Marşı', which in English means 'The March of Independence'. It was adopted in 1921. The lyrics have been written by Mehmet Akif Ersoy and the music has been composed by Osman Zeki Üngör.
The first McDonalds in Turkey was opened on 24 October 1986, and it was located in Istanbul. At the moment Turkey has 230 operating McDonalds restaurants. The number of operating McDonalds restaurants in a country is indicative of the influence of Western culture and globalization in that country. Operating McDonalds restaurants could also have a direct impact on the health of a nation's citizens. Around 28.% of the population of Turkey are obese.
Each year, the people of Turkey consume 0.6 litre of alcohol per capita, and this volume consists of 63.6% beer, 8.6% wine, 27.8% distilled spirits, 0% other alcohol.
One of the most popular national dishes of Turkey is döner kebab. Other national dishes include kuru fasulye with pilav.