Geography of Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 488,100 km² (approx. 188,456 mi²). Continental shelf of Turkmenistan is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Turkmenistan is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Turkmenistan has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan. Turkmenistan is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Turkmenistan is 230 m (755 ft).
Total length of land borders of Turkmenistan is 4158 kilometers (~1,605 miles). Turkmenistan shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Turkmenistan, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Turkmenistan has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. The lengths of the land borders of Turkmenistan with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Afghanistan - 744 km (462 mi),
- Iran - 992 km (617 mi),
- Kazakhstan - 379 km (236 mi),
- Uzbekistan - 1621 km (1,007 mi).
The capital city of Turkmenistan is Ashgabat. The largest city in Turkmenistan is Ashgabat.
The average elevation range of Turkmenistan is 230 m (755 ft). The highest point of Turkmenistan is Gora Ayrybaba, with its official height being 3139 m (10,299 ft). The lowest point of Turkmenistan is Vpadina Akchanaya. It lies at -81 m (-266 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Gora Ayrybaba) and lowest (Vpadina Akchanaya) points of Turkmenistan is 3220 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Turkmenistan is 488,100 km² (approx. 188,456 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Turkmenistan is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Turkmenistan is approximately 488,100 km² (~188,456 mi²). Turkmenistan is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
41,270 km² of Turkmenistan's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 8% of all the land in the country. There are 17,754 km² of arable land in Turkmenistan, and it comprises 4% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Turkmenistan are petroleum, natural gas, sulfur, salt.