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Demographics of United Kingdom

The total population of United Kingdom is 66,573,504 people. People in United Kingdom speak the English language. The linguistic diversity of United Kingdom is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for United Kingdom is 0.0532. The median age is approximately 40.4 years. Life expectancy in United Kingdom is 81. The female fertility rate in United Kingdom is 1.9. Around 27% of the population of United Kingdom are obese. The ethnic diversity is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale which for United Kingdom is 0.1211. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution and advancement of people in United Kingdom see the sections below.

Population

In United Kingdom, the population density is 262 people per square kilometer (682 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be densely populated. The total population of United Kingdom is 66,573,504 people. United Kingdom has approximately 8,543,120 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in United Kingdom represent 3.4 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in United Kingdom represent 12.4 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of United Kingdom is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in United Kingdom is 0.1211. This means that the people living in United Kingdom are coming from a narrow group of ethnicities, all of which are related to one another. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of United Kingdom on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 40.4 years. The median age for men is 39.2, while the median age for women is 41.6.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.05. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.05; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.03; sex ratio over 64 - 0.76; total sex ratio - 0.98. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of United Kingdom is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 71.1% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in United Kingdom are Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism. The religious diversity of United Kingdom is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in United Kingdom. The index of religious fractionalization in United Kingdom is 0.6944. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within United Kingdom.

General development

United Kingdom is considered to be a developed nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developed nation, United Kingdom is able to provide its citizens with social services like public education, healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developed nations enjoy a high standard of living and longer life expectancies than citizens of developing nations. In United Kingdom, 87.02 in every 100 people use internet. United Kingdom has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.892. United Kingdom has a very high HDI score. This indicates that nearly all citizens are able to attain a desirable life because of social and economic support; citizens with a low standard of living receive aid and support and have the opportunity to advance in society. The migration rate in United Kingdom is 2.54%. In United Kingdom, 16.2% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in United Kingdom is fairly high, but is not reason for complete concern with regard to investments. Potential financial backers should look at other economic markers, including GDP, urbanization rate, and strength of currency, before making any decisions regarding investments.

Language

People in United Kingdom speak the English language. The linguistic diversity of United Kingdom is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in United Kingdom. The index of linguistic fractionalization in United Kingdom is 0.0532. This means that within the country there is one major language and several minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.