Geography of Vietnam
Vietnam is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 331,210 km² (approx. 127,880 mi²). Continental shelf of Vietnam is approximately 365,198 km² (around 141,003 mi²). Vietnam is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Vietnam has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Cambodia, People's Republic of China, Laos. Vietnam is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Vietnam is 1,572 m (5,158 ft).
Total length of land borders of Vietnam is 4616 kilometers (~1,782 miles). Vietnam shares its land borders with 3 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Vietnam, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Vietnam has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Cambodia, People's Republic of China, and Laos. The lengths of the land borders of Vietnam with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Cambodia - 1228 km (763 mi),
- People's Republic of China - 1281 km (796 mi),
- Laos - 2130 km (1,324 mi).
The capital city of Vietnam is Hanoi. The largest cities in Vietnam are Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City.
The average elevation range of Vietnam is 1,572 m (5,158 ft). The highest point of Vietnam is Fan Si Pan, with its official height being 3143 m (10,312 ft). The lowest point of Vietnam is China Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Fan Si Pan) and lowest (China Sea) points of Vietnam is 3143 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Vietnam is 331,210 km² (approx. 127,880 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 417,663 km² (~161,260 mi²). The continental shelf of Vietnam is approximately 365,198 km² (around 141,003 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Vietnam is approximately 748,873 km² (~289,140 mi²). Vietnam is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
123,000 km² of Vietnam's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 37% of all the land in the country. There are 65,528 km² of arable land in Vietnam, and it comprises 20% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Vietnam are phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower, arable land.