Confidus Solutions logotype

Confidus Solutions

Economy of Zambia

Zambia is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Zambia may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. Each year, Zambia exports around $8.55 billion and imports roughly $8.22 billion. 7.8% of population in the country are unemployed. The total number of unemployed people in Zambia is 1,373,516. In Zambia, 60.5% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Zambia is very high when compared with other nations. This situation is indicative of a variety of alarming economic and political factors. It is not advisable to make any investments in countries with this level of poverty. Government expenditure on education is 1.3% of GDP. The Gini Index of the country is 57.5. Zambia is experiencing inequality. The gap between the richest and poorest citizens in this country is significant and obvious, resulting in a drastically different standard of living for rich and poor citizens. Zambia has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.561. Zambia has an upper medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life, though some citizens will not be able to achieve high living standards. The Global Peace Index (GPI) for Zambia is 1.846. Due to strong law enforcement presence and high social responsibility, Zambia is very safe by international standards. The strength of legal rights index for Zambia is 7. Overall, it is considered to be rather adequate - bancrupcy and collateral laws are able to protect the rights of borrowers and lenders at least decently; credit information is msotly sufficient and generally available.


The currency of Zambia is Zambian kwacha. The plural form of the word Zambian kwacha is kwachas. The symbol used for this currency is ZK, and it is abbreviated as ZMW. The Zambian kwacha is divided into Ngwee; there are 100 in one kwacha.

Credit rating

The depth of credit information index for Zambia is 8, which means that information is mostly sufficient and quite detailed; accessibility is not a problem. According to the S&P credit-rating agency, Zambia has a credit rating score of B+, and the prospects of this rating are stable. According to the Fitch credit-rating agency, Zambia has a credit rating score of B+, and the prospects of this rating are stable.

Central bank

In Zambia, the institution that manages the state's currency, money supply, and interest rates is called Bank of Zambia. The average deposit interest rate offered by local banks in Zambia is 7.9%.

Public debt

Zambia has a government debt of 31.2% of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP), as assessed in 2012.

Tax information

The corporate tax in Zambia is set at 35%. Personal income tax ranges from 10% to 30%, depending on your specific situation and income level. VAT in Zambia is 17.5%.


The total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) assessed as Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) in Zambia is $61392 billion. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) assessed as Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) per capita in Zambia was last recorded at $3 million. PPP in Zambia is considered to be below average when compared to other countries. Below average PPP indicates that citizens in this country find it difficult to purchase local goods. Local goods can include food, shelter, clothing, health care, personal care, essential furnishings, transportation and communication, laundry, and various types of insurance. Countries with below average PPP are dangerous locations for investments. The total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Zambia is 22,384 billion. Based on this statistic, Zambia is considered to have a medium economy. Countries with medium economies support an average number of industries and opportunities for investment. It should not be too difficult to find worthwhile investment opportunities in medium economies. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita in Zambia was last recorded at $1 million. The average citizen in Zambia has very low wealth. Countries with very low wealth per capita often have lower life expectancies and dramatically lower quality of living among citizens. It can be very difficult to find highly skilled workers in countries with very low wealth, as it is difficult for citizens to obtain the requisite education needed for specialized industries. However, labor can be found for very low rates when compared with countries with higher wealth per capita. GDP Annual Growth Rate in Zambia averaged 6.5% in 2014. According to this percentage, Zambia is currently experiencing significant growth. Countries that are experiencing significant growth offer the best chance for a substantial return on investment, as GDP growth rate is the most important indicator of economic health. As GDP grows, business, jobs, and personal income grow as well. To read more about financial information click on finances of Zambia.


Major industries in the country are copper mining and processing, emerald mining, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture. The total labor force of Zambia is 7,060,650 people, wherein 7.8% of population in the country are unemployed. The total number of unemployed people in Zambia is 1,373,516. The Industrial Production growth rate of Zambia is 12.1%.To read more about industrial information within Zambia click on industry of Zambia.


There are 51777 km2 of arable land in Zambia, and it comprises 7% of the country's total territory. There are 52073 km2 of cultivated land in Zambia. The country's major agricultural crops and products are corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava, coffee, cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides.To read more about agriculture click on agriculture of Zambia.