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Advantages of a holding company

A holding company is a company legally holding (owning) shares of other companies. Usually it is an LLC or LP holding enough capital shares of another company in order to control and manage its activity and profits. A holding company as such is often used only to control other business structure: it may be a corporation, LP or LLC, rather than producing its own goods or providing services. Holding companies may also be used to own some kind of property. Holdings are often used as owners of real estate, intellectual property rights, stocks and other assets. In case a company is fully owned by a holding company, it is called a subsidiary company.

Purpose of a holding company

One advantage of having a holding company is that the holding company’s assets are very well protected against losses, claims and other risks. In case one of the companies is insolvent, the holding structure will have a capital loss and a reduction of net worth overall, however, the insolvent company’s creditors cannot claim assets of the holding company in the litigation. So, a big business structure can be organized in a form of holding with just one subsidiary in order to own its IP rights, or, alternatively, to own real estate property, or, to own equipment, or to conduct business as a franchise. By constructing such complex several-layer holding structure, each daughter company among with the parent company itself are having a quite limited financial and legal responsibility, which makes it a good solution for asset protection. Making holding corporate structure may also decrease tax liability, which can be achieved by incorporating some parts of the company in jurisdictions with decreased or exempted taxes.

Holdings also allow private persons to protect their income or assets. Instead of owning assets personally and bearing full responsibility for one’s debts, possible lawsuits and other risk factors, holding structure can hold the assets instead, thus, putting only holding company’s assets at steak.

Main activities of a holding company include supervising the subsidiary companies it owns. It can recruit and fire staff, if required, however, managers of the subsidiaries will be held responsible for their decisions regardless. Even though the parent company does not manage daily operations of the subsidiaries, the holding shareholders should have a picture of what is going on and how these subsidiary companies work in order to evaluate the performance and financial data.

Benefits of having a holding structure

In addition to everything previously mentioned, there are other major benefits of having a holding structure.

Full operational control over all subsidiaries:

Can be used to own property:

Risk minimization:

Holdings company can own and use property:

Flexibility of participation in risky investment projects:

Board of directors of each of the companies must act in the best interests of their company:

Tax planning solution: