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Geography of Afghanistan

Afghanistan is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 652,230 km² (approx. 251,826 mi²). Continental shelf of Afghanistan is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Afghanistan is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Afghanistan has 6 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include People's Republic of China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan. Afghanistan is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Afghanistan is 1,884 m (6,181 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Afghanistan is 5987 kilometers (~2,312 miles). Afghanistan shares its land borders with 6 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Afghanistan, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Afghanistan has 6 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include People's Republic of China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The lengths of the land borders of Afghanistan with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Afghanistan is Kabul. The largest cities in Afghanistan are Kabul, Kandahar, Mazare Sharif, Herat.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Afghanistan is 1,884 m (6,181 ft). The highest point of Afghanistan is Noshaq, with its official height being 7492 m (24,581 ft). The lowest point of Afghanistan is Amu Darya. It lies at 258 m (846 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Noshaq) and lowest (Amu Darya) points of Afghanistan is 7234 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Afghanistan is 652,230 km² (approx. 251,826 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Afghanistan is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Afghanistan is approximately 652,230 km² (~251,826 mi²). Afghanistan is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

1,631 km² of Afghanistan's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 0% of all the land in the country. There are 12,530 km² of arable land in Afghanistan, and it comprises 2% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Afghanistan are natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones, arable land.