Geography of Armenia
Armenia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 29,743 km² (approx. 11,484 mi²). Continental shelf of Armenia is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Armenia is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Armenia has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Turkey. Armenia is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Armenia is 1,792 m (5,880 ft).
Total length of land borders of Armenia is 1570 kilometers (~606 miles). Armenia has 5 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 4 different countries. Armenia has 1 non-contiguous section of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. Armenia has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, and Turkey. The lengths of the land borders of Armenia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Azerbaijan - 787 km (489 mi),
- Georgia - 164 km (102 mi),
- Iran - 35 km (22 mi),
- Turkey - 268 km (167 mi).
The capital city of Armenia is Yerevan. The largest cities in Armenia are Yerevan, Gyumri, Vanadzor.
The average elevation range of Armenia is 1,792 m (5,880 ft). The highest point of Armenia is Mount Aragats, with its official height being 4090 m (13,419 ft). The lowest point of Armenia is Debed. It lies at 400 m (1,312 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Aragats) and lowest (Debed) points of Armenia is 3690 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Armenia is 29,743 km² (approx. 11,484 mi²), The continental shelf of Armenia is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Armenia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
2,974 km² of Armenia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 10% of all the land in the country. There are 4,775 km² of arable land in Armenia, and it comprises 16% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Armenia are gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite.