Geography of Belize
Belize is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 22,966 km² (approx. 8,867 mi²). Continental shelf of Belize is approximately 13,178 km² (around 5,088 mi²). Belize is located in North America. North America is found entirely in the Northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the Western hemisphere. North American countries include, but are not limited to, Canada, Mexico, and The United States. Belize has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Guatemala, Mexico. Belize is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Belize is 173 m (568 ft).
Total length of land borders of Belize is 542 kilometers (~209 miles). Belize shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Belize, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Belize has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Guatemala, and Mexico. The lengths of the land borders of Belize with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Guatemala - 266 km (165 mi),
- Mexico - 250 km (155 mi).
The capital city of Belize is Belmopan. The largest cities in Belize are Belmopan, Belize City, San Ignacio.
The average elevation range of Belize is 173 m (568 ft). The highest point of Belize is Doyle's Delight, with its official height being 1124 m (3,688 ft). The lowest point of Belize is Caribbean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Doyle's Delight) and lowest (Caribbean Sea) points of Belize is 1124 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Belize is 22,966 km² (approx. 8,867 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 35,351 km² (~13,649 mi²). The continental shelf of Belize is approximately 13,178 km² (around 5,088 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Belize is approximately 58,317 km² (~22,516 mi²). Belize is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
16,530 km² of Belize's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 72% of all the land in the country. There are 696 km² of arable land in Belize, and it comprises 3% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Belize are arable land potential, timber, fish, hydropower.