Geography of Burundi
Burundi is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 27,830 km² (approx. 10,745 mi²). Continental shelf of Burundi is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Burundi is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Burundi has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania. Burundi is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Burundi is 1,504 m (4,935 ft).
Total length of land borders of Burundi is 1140 kilometers (~440 miles). Burundi shares its land borders with 3 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Burundi, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Burundi has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Tanzania. The lengths of the land borders of Burundi with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Democratic Republic of the Congo - 233 km (145 mi),
- Rwanda - 290 km (180 mi),
- Tanzania - 451 km (280 mi).
The capital city of Burundi is Bujumbura. The largest city in Burundi is Bujumbura.
The average elevation range of Burundi is 1,504 m (4,935 ft). The highest point of Burundi is Mount Heha, with its official height being 2684 m (8,806 ft). The lowest point of Burundi is Lake Tanganyika. It lies at 772 m (2,533 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Heha) and lowest (Lake Tanganyika) points of Burundi is 1912 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Burundi is 27,830 km² (approx. 10,745 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Burundi is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Burundi is approximately 27,830 km² (~10,745 mi²). Burundi is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
1,270 km² of Burundi's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 5% of all the land in the country. There are 9,124 km² of arable land in Burundi, and it comprises 33% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Burundi are nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone.