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Geography of Cameroon

Cameroon is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 475,440 km² (approx. 183,568 mi²). Continental shelf of Cameroon is approximately 11,420 km² (around 4,409 mi²). Cameroon is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Cameroon has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon. Cameroon is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Cameroon is 667 m (2,188 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Cameroon is 5018 kilometers (~1,937 miles). Cameroon shares its land borders with 6 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Cameroon, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Cameroon has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon. The lengths of the land borders of Cameroon with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Cameroon is Yaoundé. The largest cities in Cameroon are Yaoundé, Douala.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Cameroon is 667 m (2,188 ft). The highest point of Cameroon is Mount Cameroon, with its official height being 4040 m (13,255 ft). The lowest point of Cameroon is Bight of Bonny. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Cameroon) and lowest (Bight of Bonny) points of Cameroon is 4040 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Cameroon is 475,440 km² (approx. 183,568 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 16,547 km² (~6,389 mi²). The continental shelf of Cameroon is approximately 11,420 km² (around 4,409 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Cameroon is approximately 491,987 km² (~189,956 mi²). Cameroon is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

212,450 km² of Cameroon's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 45% of all the land in the country. There are 58,868 km² of arable land in Cameroon, and it comprises 12% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Cameroon are petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower.