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Demographics of Chad

The total population of Chad is 15,353,184 people. People in Chad speak the French, and Arabic languages. The linguistic diversity of Chad is very diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Chad is 0.8635. The median age is approximately 17.2 years. Life expectancy in Chad is 51. The female fertility rate in Chad is 6.5. Around 3% of the population of Chad are obese. The ethnic diversity is very diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Chad is 0.862. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Chad see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Chad, the population density is 8.78 people per square kilometer (23 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be very sparsely. The total population of Chad is 15,353,184 people. Chad has approximately 331,251 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Chad represent 0.2 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Chad represent 3.4 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Chad is very diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Chad is 0.862. This means that there is a very high number of unique ethnic groups in Chad. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Chad on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 17.2 years. The median age for men is 16.1, while the median age for women is 18.2.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.04. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.03; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.85; sex ratio over 64 - 0.73; total sex ratio - 0.92. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Chad is Islam, the followers of which comprise 55.3% of all religious believers in the country. Islam (Arabic: الإسلام‎) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Quran, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allāh), and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, Arabic سنة, composed of accounts called hadith, Arabic حديث) of Muhammad, considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Besides Islam, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Chad are Hinduism, folk religions, Judaism. The religious diversity of Chad is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Chad. The index of religious fractionalization in Chad is 0.6411. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within Chad.

General development

Chad is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Chad may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Chad, 2.1 in every 100 people use internet. Chad has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.372. Chad has a lower medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will struggle to attain a desirable life due to flawed economic and social systems. The migration rate in Chad is -3.45%. In Chad, 46.7% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Chad is very high when compared with other nations. This situation is indicative of a variety of alarming economic and political factors. It is not advisable to make any investments in countries with this level of poverty.

Language

People in Chad speak the French, and Arabic languages. The linguistic diversity of Chad is very diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Chad. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Chad is 0.8635. This means that several major languages within Chad co-exist together. There are several additional minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.