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Geography of Chad

Chad is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 1,284,000 km² (approx. 495,753 mi²). Continental shelf of Chad is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Chad is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Chad has 6 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Cameroon, Central African Republic, Libya, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan. Chad is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Chad is 543 m (1,782 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Chad is 6406 kilometers (~2,473 miles). Chad shares its land borders with 6 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Chad, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Chad has 6 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Cameroon, Central African Republic, Libya, Niger, Nigeria, and Sudan. The lengths of the land borders of Chad with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Chad is N'Djamena. The largest city in Chad is N'Djamena.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Chad is 543 m (1,782 ft). The highest point of Chad is Emi Koussi, with its official height being 3445 m (11,303 ft). The lowest point of Chad is Bodélé Depression. It lies at 160 m (525 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Emi Koussi) and lowest (Bodélé Depression) points of Chad is 3285 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Chad is 1,284,000 km² (approx. 495,753 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Chad is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Chad is approximately 1,284,000 km² (~495,753 mi²). Chad is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

119,210 km² of Chad's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 9% of all the land in the country. There are 35,258 km² of arable land in Chad, and it comprises 3% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Chad are petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish, gold, limestone, sand, gravel, salt.