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Geography of Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 48,670 km² (approx. 18,792 mi²). Continental shelf of Dominican Republic is approximately 10,738 km² (around 4,146 mi²). Dominican Republic is located in North America. North America is found entirely in the Northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the Western hemisphere. North American countries include, but are not limited to, Canada, Mexico, and The United States. Dominican Republic shares its borders with Haiti. Dominican Republic is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Dominican Republic is 424 m (1,391 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Dominican Republic is 376 kilometers (~145 miles). Dominican Republic has 1 unique land boundary with a neighbouring territory - Haiti. The length of said border is 360 km (224 mi).

Cities

The capital city of Dominican Republic is Santo Domingo. The largest city in Dominican Republic is Santo Domingo.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Dominican Republic is 424 m (1,391 ft). The highest point of Dominican Republic is Pico Duarte, with its official height being 3098 m (10,165 ft). The lowest point of Dominican Republic is Lago Enriquillo. It lies at -45 m (-148 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Pico Duarte) and lowest (Lago Enriquillo) points of Dominican Republic is 3143 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Dominican Republic is 48,670 km² (approx. 18,792 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 255,898 km² (~98,802 mi²). The continental shelf of Dominican Republic is approximately 10,738 km² (around 4,146 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Dominican Republic is approximately 304,568 km² (~117,594 mi²). Dominican Republic is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

13,384 km² of Dominican Republic's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 27% of all the land in the country. There are 10,881 km² of arable land in Dominican Republic, and it comprises 22% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Dominican Republic are nickel, bauxite, gold, silver, arable land.