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Geography of El Salvador

El Salvador is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 21,041 km² (approx. 8,124 mi²). Continental shelf of El Salvador is approximately 16,852 km² (around 6,507 mi²). El Salvador is located in North America. North America is found entirely in the Northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the Western hemisphere. North American countries include, but are not limited to, Canada, Mexico, and The United States. El Salvador has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Guatemala, Honduras. El Salvador is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of El Salvador is 442 m (1,450 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of El Salvador is 590 kilometers (~228 miles). El Salvador shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of El Salvador, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. El Salvador has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Guatemala, and Honduras. The lengths of the land borders of El Salvador with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of El Salvador is San Salvador. The largest city in El Salvador is San Salvador.

Elevation

The average elevation range of El Salvador is 442 m (1,450 ft). The highest point of El Salvador is Cerro El Pital, with its official height being 2730 m (8,957 ft). The lowest point of El Salvador is Pacific Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Cerro El Pital) and lowest (Pacific Ocean) points of El Salvador is 2730 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of El Salvador is 21,041 km² (approx. 8,124 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 90,962 km² (~35,120 mi²). The continental shelf of El Salvador is approximately 16,852 km² (around 6,507 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of El Salvador is approximately 112,003 km² (~43,244 mi²). El Salvador is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

2,980 km² of El Salvador's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 14% of all the land in the country. There are 6,500 km² of arable land in El Salvador, and it comprises 31% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in El Salvador are hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land.