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Demographics of Eritrea

The total population of Eritrea is 5,187,948 people. People in Eritrea speak the Tigrigna, Arabic, and English languages. The linguistic diversity of Eritrea is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Eritrea is 0.653. The median age is approximately 19.1 years. Life expectancy in Eritrea is 63. The female fertility rate in Eritrea is 4.4. Around 2% of the population of Eritrea are obese. The ethnic diversity is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Eritrea is 0.6524. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Eritrea see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Eritrea, the population density is 52 people per square kilometer (135 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Eritrea is 5,187,948 people. Eritrea has approximately 15,798 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Eritrea represent 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Eritrea represent 0.2 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Eritrea is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Eritrea is 0.6524. This means that there is a relatively high number of unique ethnic groups in Eritrea. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Eritrea on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 19.1 years. The median age for men is 18.8, while the median age for women is 19.5.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.03. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.01; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.96; sex ratio over 64 - 0.82; total sex ratio - 0.98. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Eritrea is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 62.9% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Eritrea are Islam, folk religions. The religious diversity of Eritrea is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Eritrea. The index of religious fractionalization in Eritrea is 0.4253. This score means that within the country there is one major religion and several other minor beliefs.

General development

Eritrea is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Eritrea may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Eritrea, 0.8 in every 100 people use internet. Eritrea has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.381. Eritrea has a lower medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will struggle to attain a desirable life due to flawed economic and social systems. In Eritrea, 50% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Eritrea is very high when compared with other nations. This situation is indicative of a variety of alarming economic and political factors. It is not advisable to make any investments in countries with this level of poverty.

Language

People in Eritrea speak the Tigrigna, Arabic, and English languages. The linguistic diversity of Eritrea is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Eritrea. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Eritrea is 0.653. This means that there are several major languages spoken in Eritrea. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.