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Geography of Eritrea

Eritrea is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 117,600 km² (approx. 45,405 mi²). Continental shelf of Eritrea is approximately 61,817 km² (around 23,868 mi²). Eritrea is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Eritrea has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan. Eritrea is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Eritrea is 853 m (2,799 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Eritrea is 1840 kilometers (~710 miles). Eritrea shares its land borders with 3 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Eritrea, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Eritrea has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Sudan. The lengths of the land borders of Eritrea with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Eritrea is Asmara. The largest city in Eritrea is Asmara.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Eritrea is 853 m (2,799 ft). The highest point of Eritrea is Emba Soira, with its official height being 3018 m (9,902 ft). The lowest point of Eritrea is Lake Kulul. It lies at -75 m (-246 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Emba Soira) and lowest (Lake Kulul) points of Eritrea is 3093 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Eritrea is 117,600 km² (approx. 45,405 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 77,728 km² (~30,011 mi²). The continental shelf of Eritrea is approximately 61,817 km² (around 23,868 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Eritrea is approximately 195,328 km² (~75,416 mi²). Eritrea is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

15,540 km² of Eritrea's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 13% of all the land in the country. There are 5,799 km² of arable land in Eritrea, and it comprises 5% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Eritrea are gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish.