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Geography of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 1,104,300 km² (approx. 426,371 mi²). Continental shelf of Ethiopia is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Ethiopia is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Ethiopia has 6 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan. Ethiopia is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Ethiopia is 1,330 m (4,364 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Ethiopia is 5925 kilometers (~2,288 miles). Ethiopia shares its land borders with 6 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Ethiopia, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Ethiopia has 6 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan. The lengths of the land borders of Ethiopia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa. The largest city in Ethiopia is Addis Ababa.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Ethiopia is 1,330 m (4,364 ft). The highest point of Ethiopia is Ras Dejen, with its official height being 4550 m (14,929 ft). The lowest point of Ethiopia is Danakil Depression. It lies at -125 m (-410 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Ras Dejen) and lowest (Danakil Depression) points of Ethiopia is 4675 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Ethiopia is 1,104,300 km² (approx. 426,371 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Ethiopia is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Ethiopia is approximately 1,104,300 km² (~426,371 mi²). Ethiopia is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

39,313 km² of Ethiopia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 4% of all the land in the country. There are 112,080 km² of arable land in Ethiopia, and it comprises 10% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Ethiopia are gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower.