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Geography of Gabon

Gabon is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 267,667 km² (approx. 103,346 mi²). Continental shelf of Gabon is approximately 35,020 km² (around 13,521 mi²). Gabon is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Gabon has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea. Gabon is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Gabon is 377 m (1,237 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Gabon is 3261 kilometers (~1,259 miles). Gabon shares its land borders with 3 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Gabon, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Gabon has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, and Equatorial Guinea. The lengths of the land borders of Gabon with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Gabon is Libreville. The largest city in Gabon is Libreville.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Gabon is 377 m (1,237 ft). The highest point of Gabon is Mont Bengoué, with its official height being 1070 m (3,511 ft). The lowest point of Gabon is Atlantic Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Mont Bengoué) and lowest (Atlantic Ocean) points of Gabon is 1070 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Gabon is 267,667 km² (approx. 103,346 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 202,790 km² (~78,297 mi²). The continental shelf of Gabon is approximately 35,020 km² (around 13,521 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Gabon is approximately 470,457 km² (~181,644 mi²). Gabon is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

227,517 km² of Gabon's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 85% of all the land in the country. There are 3,118 km² of arable land in Gabon, and it comprises 1% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Gabon are petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower.