Geography of Georgia
Georgia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 69,700 km² (approx. 26,911 mi²). Continental shelf of Georgia is approximately 3,243 km² (around 1,252 mi²). Georgia is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Georgia has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, Turkey. Georgia is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Georgia is 1,432 m (4,698 ft).
Total length of land borders of Georgia is 1814 kilometers (~700 miles). Georgia shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Georgia, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Georgia has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, and Turkey. The lengths of the land borders of Georgia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Armenia - 164 km (102 mi),
- Azerbaijan - 322 km (200 mi),
- Russia - 723 km (449 mi),
- Turkey - 252 km (157 mi).
The capital city of Georgia is Tbilisi (official); Kutaisi (legislative). The largest city in Georgia is Tbilisi.
The average elevation range of Georgia is 1,432 m (4,698 ft). The highest point of Georgia is Shkhara, with its official height being 5193 m (17,038 ft). The lowest point of Georgia is Black Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Shkhara) and lowest (Black Sea) points of Georgia is 5193 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Georgia is 69,700 km² (approx. 26,911 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 21,946 km² (~8,473 mi²). The continental shelf of Georgia is approximately 3,243 km² (around 1,252 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Georgia is approximately 91,646 km² (~35,385 mi²). Georgia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
28,577 km² of Georgia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 41% of all the land in the country. There are 8,022 km² of arable land in Georgia, and it comprises 12% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Georgia are timber, hydropower, manganese, iron ore, copper, coal, oil, pleasant climate, arable land.