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Geography of Guatemala

Guatemala is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 108,889 km² (approx. 42,042 mi²). Continental shelf of Guatemala is approximately 14,422 km² (around 5,568 mi²). Guatemala is located in North America. North America is found entirely in the Northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the Western hemisphere. North American countries include, but are not limited to, Canada, Mexico, and The United States. Guatemala has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico. Guatemala is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Guatemala is 759 m (2,490 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Guatemala is 1667 kilometers (~644 miles). Guatemala shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Guatemala, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Guatemala has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico. The lengths of the land borders of Guatemala with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Guatemala is Guatemala City. The largest city in Guatemala is Guatemala City.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Guatemala is 759 m (2,490 ft). The highest point of Guatemala is Volcán Tajumulco, with its official height being 4220 m (13,846 ft). The lowest point of Guatemala is Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Volcán Tajumulco) and lowest (Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea) points of Guatemala is 4220 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Guatemala is 108,889 km² (approx. 42,042 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 114,170 km² (~44,081 mi²). The continental shelf of Guatemala is approximately 14,422 km² (around 5,568 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Guatemala is approximately 223,059 km² (~86,123 mi²). Guatemala is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

108,894 km² of Guatemala's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 100% of all the land in the country. There are 14,334 km² of arable land in Guatemala, and it comprises 13% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Guatemala are petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower.