Geography of Guyana
Guyana is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 214,969 km² (approx. 83,000 mi²). Continental shelf of Guyana is approximately 50,578 km² (around 19,528 mi²). Guyana is located in South America. The vast majority of South American citizens speak Spanish or Portuguese. South American countries include, but are not limited to, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Guyana has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Brazil, Suriname, Venezuela. Guyana is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Guyana is 207 m (679 ft).
Total length of land borders of Guyana is 2933 kilometers (~1,132 miles). Guyana shares its land borders with 3 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Guyana, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Guyana has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Brazil, Suriname, and Venezuela. The lengths of the land borders of Guyana with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Brazil - 1119 km (695 mi),
- Suriname - 600 km (373 mi),
- Venezuela - 743 km (462 mi).
The capital city of Guyana is Georgetown. The largest city in Guyana is Georgetown.
The average elevation range of Guyana is 207 m (679 ft). The highest point of Guyana is Mount Roraima, with its official height being 2750 m (9,023 ft). The lowest point of Guyana is Atlantic Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Roraima) and lowest (Atlantic Ocean) points of Guyana is 2750 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Guyana is 214,969 km² (approx. 83,000 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 137,765 km² (~53,191 mi²). The continental shelf of Guyana is approximately 50,578 km² (around 19,528 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Guyana is approximately 352,734 km² (~136,191 mi²). Guyana is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
151,040 km² of Guyana's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 70% of all the land in the country. There are 4,390 km² of arable land in Guyana, and it comprises 2% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Guyana are bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish.