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Geography of Haiti

Haiti is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 27,750 km² (approx. 10,714 mi²). Continental shelf of Haiti is approximately 6,683 km² (around 2,580 mi²). Haiti is located in North America. North America is found entirely in the Northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the Western hemisphere. North American countries include, but are not limited to, Canada, Mexico, and The United States. Haiti shares its borders with Dominican Republic. Haiti is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Haiti is 470 m (1,542 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Haiti is 376 kilometers (~145 miles). Haiti has 1 unique land boundary with a neighbouring territory - Dominican Republic. The length of said border is 360 km (224 mi).

Cities

The capital city of Haiti is Port-au-Prince. The largest city in Haiti is Port-au-Prince.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Haiti is 470 m (1,542 ft). The highest point of Haiti is Pic la Selle, with its official height being 2680 m (8,793 ft). The lowest point of Haiti is Caribbean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Pic la Selle) and lowest (Caribbean Sea) points of Haiti is 2680 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Haiti is 27,750 km² (approx. 10,714 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 126,760 km² (~48,942 mi²). The continental shelf of Haiti is approximately 6,683 km² (around 2,580 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Haiti is approximately 154,510 km² (~59,656 mi²). Haiti is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

8,300 km² of Haiti's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 30% of all the land in the country. There are 7,747 km² of arable land in Haiti, and it comprises 28% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Haiti are bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower, arable land.