Culture of Indonesia
People in Indonesia speak the Indonesian language. The linguistic diversity of Indonesia is very diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Indonesia is 0.768. The followers of Islam are the religious majority in the country. 50.7% of Indonesia's population live in cities. This percentage comprises the urban population of Indonesia. The rate of urbanization in Indonesia is considered to be 3.3. According to data on inbound tourists in Indonesia, 8,802,000 tourists arrive in the country each year.
The national anthem of Indonesia is called 'Indonesia Raya', which in English means 'Great Indonesia'. It was adopted in 1945. Both the music and the lyrics have been composed by Wage Rudolf Supratman.
The first McDonalds in Indonesia was opened on 23 February 1991, and it was located in Sarinah, Jakarta. At the moment Indonesia has 160 operating McDonalds restaurants. The number of operating McDonalds restaurants in a country is indicative of the influence of Western culture and globalization in that country. Operating McDonalds restaurants could also have a direct impact on the health of a nation's citizens. Around 5% of the population of Indonesia are obese.
Each year, the people of Indonesia consume 0.5 litre of alcohol per capita, and this volume consists of 84.5% beer, 0.2% wine, 15.3% distilled spirits, 0% other alcohol.
One of the most popular national dishes of Indonesia is tumpeng. Other national dishes include sate, soto, nasi goreng.