Geography of Ireland
Ireland is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 70,273 km² (approx. 27,132 mi²). Continental shelf of Ireland is approximately 139,935 km² (around 54,029 mi²). Ireland is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Ireland shares its borders with United Kingdom. Ireland is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Ireland is 118 m (387 ft).
Total length of land borders of Ireland is 443 kilometers (~171 miles). Ireland has 1 unique land boundary with a neighbouring territory - United Kingdom. The length of said border is 360 km (224 mi).
The capital city of Ireland is Dublin. The largest city in Ireland is Dublin.
The average elevation range of Ireland is 118 m (387 ft). The highest point of Ireland is Carrauntoohil, with its official height being 1038 m (3,406 ft). The lowest point of Ireland is Slob. It lies at -3 m (-10 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Carrauntoohil) and lowest (Slob) points of Ireland is 1041 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Ireland is 70,273 km² (approx. 27,132 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 410,310 km² (~158,421 mi²). The continental shelf of Ireland is approximately 139,935 km² (around 54,029 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Ireland is approximately 480,583 km² (~185,553 mi²). Ireland is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
7,540 km² of Ireland's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 11% of all the land in the country. There are 11,587 km² of arable land in Ireland, and it comprises 16% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Ireland are natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite.