Culture of Israel
People in Israel speak the Arabic, and Hebrew languages. The linguistic diversity of Israel is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Israel is 0.5525. The followers of Judaism are the religious majority in the country. 91.9% of Israel's population live in cities. This percentage comprises the urban population of Israel. The rate of urbanization in Israel is considered to be 1.7. According to data on inbound tourists in Israel, 2,962,000 tourists arrive in the country each year.
The national anthem of Israel is called 'HaTikvah', which in English means 'The Hope'. It was adopted in 1948. The lyrics have been written by Naftali Herz Imber and the music has been composed by Samuel Cohen.
The first McDonalds in Israel was opened on 14 October 1993, and it was located in Ayalon Mall, Ramat Gan. At the moment Israel has 180 operating McDonalds restaurants. The number of operating McDonalds restaurants in a country is indicative of the influence of Western culture and globalization in that country. Operating McDonalds restaurants could also have a direct impact on the health of a nation's citizens. Around 26% of the population of Israel are obese.
Each year, the people of Israel consume 2.5 litre of alcohol per capita, and this volume consists of 44% beer, 6.2% wine, 49.5% distilled spirits, 0.3% other alcohol.
One of the most popular national dishes of Israel is hummus. Other national dishes include falafel, meorav yerushalmi, shakshuka.