Geography of Israel
Israel is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 20,770 km² (approx. 8,019 mi²). Continental shelf of Israel is approximately 3,745 km² (around 1,446 mi²). Israel is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Israel has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Egypt, Palestinian territories, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria. Israel is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Israel is 508 m (1,667 ft).
Total length of land borders of Israel is 1068 kilometers (~412 miles). Israel has 6 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 5 different countries. Israel has 1 non-contiguous section of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. Israel has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Egypt, Palestinian territories, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. The lengths of the land borders of Israel with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Egypt - 266 km (165 mi),
- Palestinian territories - 307 km (191 mi),
- Jordan - 238 km (148 mi),
- Lebanon - 79 km (49 mi),
- Syria - 76 km (47 mi).
The capital city of Israel is Jerusalem (declared, de facto). The largest cities in Israel are Jerusalem, Tel Aviv.
The average elevation range of Israel is 508 m (1,667 ft). The highest point of Israel is Mount Meron, with its official height being 1208 m (3,963 ft). The lowest point of Israel is Dead Sea. It lies at -428 m (-1,404 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Meron) and lowest (Dead Sea) points of Israel is 1636 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Israel is 20,770 km² (approx. 8,019 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 26,352 km² (~10,175 mi²). The continental shelf of Israel is approximately 3,745 km² (around 1,446 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Israel is approximately 47,122 km² (~18,194 mi²). Israel is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
1,600 km² of Israel's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 8% of all the land in the country. There are 3,141 km² of arable land in Israel, and it comprises 15% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Israel are timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand.