Demographics of Italy
The total population of Italy is 59,290,969 people. People in Italy speak the Italian language. The linguistic diversity of Italy is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Italy is 0.1147. The median age is approximately 44.5 years. Life expectancy in Italy is 83. The female fertility rate in Italy is 1.4. Around 20% of the population of Italy are obese. The ethnic diversity is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale which for Italy is 0.1145. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Italy see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.
In Italy, the population density is 202 people per square kilometer (525 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be densely populated. The total population of Italy is 59,290,969 people. Italy has approximately 5,788,875 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Italy represent 2.5 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Italy represent 9.4 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Italy is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Italy is 0.1145. This means that the people living in Italy are coming from a narrow group of ethnicities, all of which are related to one another. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Italy on median age and gender distribution at various ages.
The median age is approximately 44.5 years. The median age for men is 43.3, while the median age for women is 45.6.
The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.07. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.06; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.03; sex ratio over 64 - 0.72; total sex ratio - 0.96. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.
The majority religion of Italy is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 83.3% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Italy are Islam, Hinduism, folk religions. The religious diversity of Italy is diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Italy. The index of religious fractionalization in Italy is 0.3027. This score means that within the country there is one major religion and several other minor beliefs.
Italy is considered to be a developed nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developed nation, Italy is able to provide its citizens with social services like public education, healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developed nations enjoy a high standard of living and longer life expectancies than citizens of developing nations. In Italy, 58 in every 100 people use internet. Italy has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.872. Italy has a very high HDI score. This indicates that nearly all citizens are able to attain a desirable life because of social and economic support; citizens with a low standard of living receive aid and support and have the opportunity to advance in society. The migration rate in Italy is 4.1%. In Italy, 28.7% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Italy is fairly high, but is not reason for complete concern with regard to investments. Potential financial backers should look at other economic markers, including GDP, urbanization rate, and strength of currency, before making any decisions regarding investments.
People in Italy speak the Italian language. The linguistic diversity of Italy is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Italy. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Italy is 0.1147. This means that within the country there is one major language and several minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.