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Geography of Jamaica

Jamaica is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 10,991 km² (approx. 4,244 mi²). Continental shelf of Jamaica is approximately 9,802 km² (around 3,785 mi²). Jamaica is located in North America. North America is found entirely in the Northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the Western hemisphere. North American countries include, but are not limited to, Canada, Mexico, and The United States. Jamaica is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Jamaica is 18 m (59 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Jamaica is 0 kilometers (~0 miles). Jamaica has no land borders, meaning that it also has no neighbouring countries in the traditional sense of the word.

Cities

The capital city of Jamaica is Kingston. The largest city in Jamaica is Kingston.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Jamaica is 18 m (59 ft). The highest point of Jamaica is Blue Mountain Peak, with its official height being 2256 m (7,402 ft). The lowest point of Jamaica is Caribbean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Blue Mountain Peak) and lowest (Caribbean Sea) points of Jamaica is 2256 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Jamaica is 10,991 km² (approx. 4,244 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 258,137 km² (~99,667 mi²). The continental shelf of Jamaica is approximately 9,802 km² (around 3,785 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Jamaica is approximately 269,128 km² (~103,910 mi²). Jamaica is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

3,308 km² of Jamaica's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 30% of all the land in the country. There are 1,715 km² of arable land in Jamaica, and it comprises 16% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Jamaica are bauxite, gypsum, limestone.