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Geography of Kiribati

Kiribati is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 811 km² (approx. 313 mi²). Continental shelf of Kiribati is approximately 7,523 km² (around 2,905 mi²). Kiribati is located in Oceania. Oceania is a region that comprises many of the islands found in the tropical Pacific Ocean. It is sometimes referred to as Oceanica. Countries in Oceania include, but are not limited to, New Zealand and The Solomon Islands. Kiribati is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Kiribati is 41 m (131 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Kiribati is 0 kilometers (~0 miles). Kiribati has no land borders, meaning that it also has no neighbouring countries in the traditional sense of the word.

Cities

The capital city of Kiribati is Tarawa Atoll. The largest city in Kiribati is South Tarawa.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Kiribati is 41 m (131 ft). The highest point of Kiribati is an unnamed location, with its official height being 81 m (266 ft). The lowest point of Kiribati is Pacific Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (an unnamed location) and lowest (Pacific Ocean) points of Kiribati is 81 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Kiribati is 811 km² (approx. 313 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 3,441,810 km² (~1,328,884 mi²). The continental shelf of Kiribati is approximately 7,523 km² (around 2,905 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Kiribati is approximately 3,442,621 km² (~1,329,197 mi²). Kiribati is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

20 km² of Kiribati's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 2% of all the land in the country. There are 22 km² of arable land in Kiribati, and it comprises 3% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Kiribati are phosphate, copra, fish.