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Demographics of Lebanon

The total population of Lebanon is 6,093,509 people. People in Lebanon speak the Arabic language. The linguistic diversity of Lebanon is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Lebanon is 0.1312. The median age is approximately 29.3 years. Life expectancy in Lebanon is 80. The female fertility rate in Lebanon is 1.7. Around 27% of the population of Lebanon are obese. The ethnic diversity is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale which for Lebanon is 0.1314. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Lebanon see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.


In Lebanon, the population density is 487 people per square kilometer (1267 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be densely populated. The total population of Lebanon is 6,093,509 people. Lebanon has approximately 1,997,776 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Lebanon represent 4.6 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Lebanon is almost uniform according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Lebanon is 0.1314. This means that the people living in Lebanon are coming from a narrow group of ethnicities, all of which are related to one another. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Lebanon on median age and gender distribution at various ages.


The median age is approximately 29.3 years. The median age for men is 28.7, while the median age for women is 29.8.


The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.05. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.04; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.98; sex ratio over 64 - 0.82; total sex ratio - 0.97. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.


The majority religion of Lebanon is Islam, the followers of which comprise 61.3% of all religious believers in the country. Islam (Arabic: الإسلام‎) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Quran, a religious text considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allāh), and, for the vast majority of adherents, by the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, Arabic سنة, composed of accounts called hadith, Arabic حديث) of Muhammad, considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Besides Islam, there are several other religions present within the country. Other religions in Lebanon are Islam, Judaism. The religious diversity of Lebanon is very diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Lebanon. The index of religious fractionalization in Lebanon is 0.7886. This score means that several major religions within Lebanon co-exist with one another and with some minor beliefs.

General development

Lebanon is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Lebanon may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Lebanon, 61.25 in every 100 people use internet. Lebanon has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.765. Lebanon has a high HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life while providing substantial aid and assistance to citizens with lower living standards. The migration rate in Lebanon is -1.1%. In Lebanon, 27.4% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Lebanon is fairly high, but is not reason for complete concern with regard to investments. Potential financial backers should look at other economic markers, including GDP, urbanization rate, and strength of currency, before making any decisions regarding investments.


People in Lebanon speak the Arabic language. The linguistic diversity of Lebanon is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Lebanon. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Lebanon is 0.1312. This means that within the country there is one major language and several minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.