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Geography of Lebanon

Lebanon is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 10,400 km² (approx. 4,015 mi²). Continental shelf of Lebanon is approximately 1,067 km² (around 412 mi²). Lebanon is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Lebanon has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Israel, Syria. Lebanon is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Lebanon is 1,250 m (4,101 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Lebanon is 484 kilometers (~187 miles). Lebanon shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Lebanon, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Lebanon has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Israel, and Syria. The lengths of the land borders of Lebanon with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Lebanon is Beirut. The largest city in Lebanon is Beirut.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Lebanon is 1,250 m (4,101 ft). The highest point of Lebanon is Qurnat as Sawda', with its official height being 3088 m (10,132 ft). The lowest point of Lebanon is Mediterranean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Qurnat as Sawda') and lowest (Mediterranean Sea) points of Lebanon is 3088 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Lebanon is 10,400 km² (approx. 4,015 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 19,516 km² (~7,535 mi²). The continental shelf of Lebanon is approximately 1,067 km² (around 412 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Lebanon is approximately 29,916 km² (~11,551 mi²). Lebanon is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

1,383 km² of Lebanon's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 13% of all the land in the country. There are 1,673 km² of arable land in Lebanon, and it comprises 16% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Lebanon are limestone, iron ore, salt, water surplus, arable land.