Geography of Lithuania
Lithuania is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 65,300 km² (approx. 25,212 mi²). Continental shelf of Lithuania is approximately 7,031 km² (around 2,715 mi²). Lithuania is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Lithuania has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Belarus, Latvia, Poland, Russia. Lithuania is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Lithuania is 110 m (361 ft).
Total length of land borders of Lithuania is 1549 kilometers (~598 miles). Lithuania shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Lithuania, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Lithuania has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Belarus, Latvia, Poland, and Russia. The lengths of the land borders of Lithuania with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Belarus - 502 km (312 mi),
- Latvia - 453 km (282 mi),
- Poland - 91 km (57 mi),
- Russia - 227 km (141 mi).
The capital city of Lithuania is Vilnius. The largest city in Lithuania is Vilnius.
The average elevation range of Lithuania is 110 m (361 ft). The highest point of Lithuania is Aukštojas Hill, with its official height being 294 m (965 ft). The lowest point of Lithuania is Nemunas. It lies at -5 m (-16 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Aukštojas Hill) and lowest (Nemunas) points of Lithuania is 299 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Lithuania is 65,300 km² (approx. 25,212 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 7,031 km² (~2,715 mi²). The continental shelf of Lithuania is approximately 7,031 km² (around 2,715 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Lithuania is approximately 72,331 km² (~27,927 mi²). Lithuania is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
21,223 km² of Lithuania's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 33% of all the land in the country. There are 29,261 km² of arable land in Lithuania, and it comprises 45% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Lithuania are peat, arable land, amber.