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Geography of Macedonia

Macedonia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 25,713 km² (approx. 9,928 mi²). Continental shelf of Macedonia is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Macedonia is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Macedonia has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Kosovo, Serbia. Macedonia is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Macedonia is 741 m (2,431 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Macedonia is 838 kilometers (~324 miles). Macedonia shares its land borders with 5 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Macedonia, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Macedonia has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Kosovo, and Serbia. The lengths of the land borders of Macedonia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Macedonia is Skopje. The largest city in Macedonia is Skopje.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Macedonia is 741 m (2,431 ft). The highest point of Macedonia is Golem Korab, with its official height being 2764 m (9,069 ft). The lowest point of Macedonia is Vardar. It lies at 50 m (164 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Golem Korab) and lowest (Vardar) points of Macedonia is 2714 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Macedonia is 25,713 km² (approx. 9,928 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Macedonia is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Macedonia is approximately 25,713 km² (~9,928 mi²). Macedonia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

10,285 km² of Macedonia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 40% of all the land in the country. There are 5,471 km² of arable land in Macedonia, and it comprises 21% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Macedonia are iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land.