Geography of Malawi
Malawi is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 118,484 km² (approx. 45,747 mi²). Continental shelf of Malawi is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Malawi is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Malawi has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia. Malawi is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Malawi is 779 m (2,556 ft).
Total length of land borders of Malawi is 2857 kilometers (~1,103 miles). Malawi shares its land borders with 3 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Malawi, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Malawi has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zambia. The lengths of the land borders of Malawi with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Mozambique - 1569 km (975 mi),
- Tanzania - 475 km (295 mi),
- Zambia - 837 km (520 mi).
The capital city of Malawi is Lilongwe. The largest city in Malawi is Lilongwe.
The average elevation range of Malawi is 779 m (2,556 ft). The highest point of Malawi is Mount Mulanje, with its official height being 3002 m (9,850 ft). The lowest point of Malawi is Shire River. It lies at 37 m (121 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Mulanje) and lowest (Shire River) points of Malawi is 2965 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Malawi is 118,484 km² (approx. 45,747 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Malawi is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Malawi is approximately 118,484 km² (~45,747 mi²). Malawi is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
33,176 km² of Malawi's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 28% of all the land in the country. There are 19,456 km² of arable land in Malawi, and it comprises 16% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Malawi are limestone, arable land, hydropower, uranium, coal, and bauxite.