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Geography of Morocco

Morocco is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 446,550 km² (approx. 172,413 mi²). Continental shelf of Morocco is approximately 115,157 km² (around 44,462 mi²). Morocco is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Morocco has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Algeria, Western Sahara, Spain. Morocco is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Morocco is 909 m (2,982 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Morocco is 2362.5 kilometers (~912 miles). Morocco has 5 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 3 different countries. Morocco has 2 non-contiguous sections of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. Morocco has 3 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Algeria, Western Sahara, and Spain. The lengths of the land borders of Morocco with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Morocco is Rabat. The largest cities in Morocco are Rabat, Casablanca.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Morocco is 909 m (2,982 ft). The highest point of Morocco is Jbel Toubkal, with its official height being 4165 m (13,665 ft). The lowest point of Morocco is Sebkha Tah. It lies at -55 m (-180 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Jbel Toubkal) and lowest (Sebkha Tah) points of Morocco is 4220 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Morocco is 446,550 km² (approx. 172,413 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 575,230 km² (~222,097 mi²). The continental shelf of Morocco is approximately 115,157 km² (around 44,462 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Morocco is approximately 1,021,780 km² (~394,510 mi²). Morocco is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

111,325 km² of Morocco's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 25% of all the land in the country. There are 84,797 km² of arable land in Morocco, and it comprises 19% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Morocco are phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt.