Geography of Namibia
Namibia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 825,715 km² (approx. 318,809 mi²). Continental shelf of Namibia is approximately 86,698 km² (around 33,474 mi²). Namibia is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Namibia has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Angola, Botswana, South Africa, Zambia. Namibia is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Namibia is 1,141 m (3,744 ft).
Total length of land borders of Namibia is 4220 kilometers (~1,629 miles). Namibia shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Namibia, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Namibia has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Angola, Botswana, South Africa, and Zambia. The lengths of the land borders of Namibia with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Angola - 1376 km (855 mi),
- Botswana - 1360 km (845 mi),
- South Africa - 967 km (601 mi),
- Zambia - 233 km (145 mi).
The capital city of Namibia is Windhoek. The largest city in Namibia is Windhoek.
The average elevation range of Namibia is 1,141 m (3,744 ft). The highest point of Namibia is Königstein, with its official height being 2606 m (8,550 ft). The lowest point of Namibia is Atlantic Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Königstein) and lowest (Atlantic Ocean) points of Namibia is 2606 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Namibia is 825,715 km² (approx. 318,809 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 564,748 km² (~218,049 mi²). The continental shelf of Namibia is approximately 86,698 km² (around 33,474 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Namibia is approximately 1,390,463 km² (~536,858 mi²). Namibia is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
76,610 km² of Namibia's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 9% of all the land in the country. There are 8,172 km² of arable land in Namibia, and it comprises 1% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Namibia are diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, tungsten, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish.