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Demographics of Nepal

The total population of Nepal is 29,624,035 people. People in Nepal speak the Nepali language. The linguistic diversity of Nepal is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Nepal is 0.7167. The median age is approximately 22.9 years. Life expectancy in Nepal is 68. The female fertility rate in Nepal is 2.4. Around 1% of the population of Nepal are obese. The ethnic diversity is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Nepal is 0.6632. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Nepal see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Nepal, the population density is 180 people per square kilometer (468 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be densely populated. The total population of Nepal is 29,624,035 people. Nepal has approximately 971,247 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Nepal represent 0.4 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Nepal represent 3.5 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Nepal is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Nepal is 0.6632. This means that there is a relatively high number of unique ethnic groups in Nepal. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Nepal on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 22.9 years. The median age for men is 22.2, while the median age for women is 23.6.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.04. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.04; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.92; sex ratio over 64 - 0.89; total sex ratio - 0.96. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Nepal is Hinduism, the followers of which comprise 80.7% of all religious believers in the country. Hinduism is a religion, or a way of life, found most notably in India and Nepal. Although Hinduism contains a broad range of philosophies, it is a family of linked religious cultures bound by shared concepts, recognisable rituals, cosmology, shared textual resources, pilgrimage to sacred sites and the questioning of authority. It includes various denominations each with an interwoven diversity of beliefs and practices. Hinduism has been called the 'oldest religion' in the world. Besides Hinduism, there are some followers of folk religions in Nepal. The religious diversity of Nepal is vaguely diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Nepal. The index of religious fractionalization in Nepal is 0.1417. This score means that within the country there is one major with a few other minor beliefs.

General development

Nepal is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Nepal may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Nepal, 11.15 in every 100 people use internet. Nepal has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.54. Nepal has an upper medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life, though some citizens will not be able to achieve high living standards. The migration rate in Nepal is 3.86%. In Nepal, 25.2% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Nepal is fairly high, but is not reason for complete concern with regard to investments. Potential financial backers should look at other economic markers, including GDP, urbanization rate, and strength of currency, before making any decisions regarding investments.

Language

People in Nepal speak the Nepali language. The linguistic diversity of Nepal is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Nepal. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Nepal is 0.7167. This means that there are several major languages spoken in Nepal. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.