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Geography of New Zealand

New Zealand is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 266,838 km² (approx. 103,026 mi²). Continental shelf of New Zealand is approximately 277,610 km² (around 107,185 mi²). New Zealand is located in Oceania. Oceania is a region that comprises many of the islands found in the tropical Pacific Ocean. It is sometimes referred to as Oceanica. Countries in Oceania include, but are not limited to, New Zealand and The Solomon Islands. New Zealand is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of New Zealand is 388 m (1,273 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of New Zealand is 0 kilometers (~0 miles). New Zealand has no land borders, meaning that it also has no neighbouring countries in the traditional sense of the word.

Cities

The capital city of New Zealand is Wellington. The largest cities in New Zealand are Wellington, Auckland, Christchurch.

Elevation

The average elevation range of New Zealand is 388 m (1,273 ft). The highest point of New Zealand is Aoraki/Mount Cook, with its official height being 3724 m (12,218 ft). The lowest point of New Zealand is Taieri Plains. It lies at -2 m (-7 ft), i.e. below the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Aoraki/Mount Cook) and lowest (Taieri Plains) points of New Zealand is 3726 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of New Zealand is 266,838 km² (approx. 103,026 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 4,083,744 km² (~1,576,735 mi²). The continental shelf of New Zealand is approximately 277,610 km² (around 107,185 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of New Zealand is approximately 4,350,582 km² (~1,679,761 mi²). New Zealand is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

85,424 km² of New Zealand's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 32% of all the land in the country. There are 14,848 km² of arable land in New Zealand, and it comprises 6% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in New Zealand are natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone.