Geography of Nicaragua
Nicaragua is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 130,370 km² (approx. 50,336 mi²). Continental shelf of Nicaragua is approximately 70,874 km² (around 27,364 mi²). Nicaragua is located in North America. North America is found entirely in the Northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the Western hemisphere. North American countries include, but are not limited to, Canada, Mexico, and The United States. Nicaragua has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Costa Rica, Honduras. Nicaragua is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Nicaragua is 298 m (978 ft).
Total length of land borders of Nicaragua is 1253 kilometers (~484 miles). Nicaragua shares its land borders with 2 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Nicaragua, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Nicaragua has 2 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Costa Rica, and Honduras. The lengths of the land borders of Nicaragua with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Costa Rica - 309 km (192 mi),
- Honduras - 922 km (573 mi).
The capital city of Nicaragua is Managua. The largest city in Nicaragua is Managua.
The average elevation range of Nicaragua is 298 m (978 ft). The highest point of Nicaragua is Mogoton, with its official height being 2107 m (6,913 ft). The lowest point of Nicaragua is Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Mogoton) and lowest (Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea) points of Nicaragua is 2107 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Nicaragua is 130,370 km² (approx. 50,336 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 123,881 km² (~47,831 mi²). The continental shelf of Nicaragua is approximately 70,874 km² (around 27,364 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Nicaragua is approximately 254,251 km² (~98,166 mi²). Nicaragua is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
51,890 km² of Nicaragua's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 40% of all the land in the country. There are 17,810 km² of arable land in Nicaragua, and it comprises 14% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Nicaragua are gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish.