Geography of Niger
Niger is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 1,267,000 km² (approx. 489,189 mi²). Continental shelf of Niger is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Niger is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Niger has 7 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, Nigeria. Niger is a landlocked country. The average elevation range of Niger is 474 m (1,555 ft).
Total length of land borders of Niger is 5834 kilometers (~2,253 miles). Niger shares its land borders with 7 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Niger, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Niger has 7 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, and Nigeria. The lengths of the land borders of Niger with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Algeria - 956 km (594 mi),
- Benin - 266 km (165 mi),
- Burkina Faso - 628 km (390 mi),
- Chad - 1175 km (730 mi),
- Libya - 354 km (220 mi),
- Mali - 821 km (510 mi),
- Nigeria - 1497 km (930 mi).
The capital city of Niger is Niamey. The largest city in Niger is Niamey.
The average elevation range of Niger is 474 m (1,555 ft). The highest point of Niger is Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès, with its official height being 2022 m (6,634 ft). The lowest point of Niger is Niger River. It lies at 200 m (656 ft) above the sea level. The elevation difference between the highest (Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès) and lowest (Niger River) points of Niger is 1822 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Niger is 1,267,000 km² (approx. 489,189 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 0 km² (~0 mi²). The continental shelf of Niger is approximately 0 km² (around 0 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Niger is approximately 1,267,000 km² (~489,189 mi²). Niger is considered to be a vast nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
112,000 km² of Niger's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 9% of all the land in the country. There are 144,784 km² of arable land in Niger, and it comprises 11% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Niger are uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum.