Geography of Pakistan
Pakistan is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 907,132 km² (approx. 350,244 mi²). Continental shelf of Pakistan is approximately 51,383 km² (around 19,839 mi²). Pakistan is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Pakistan has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Afghanistan, People's Republic of China, India, Iran. Pakistan is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Pakistan is 900 m (2,953 ft).
Total length of land borders of Pakistan is 7257 kilometers (~2,802 miles). Pakistan shares its land borders with 4 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Pakistan, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Pakistan has 4 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Afghanistan, People's Republic of China, India, and Iran. The lengths of the land borders of Pakistan with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Afghanistan - 2430 km (1,510 mi),
- People's Republic of China - 523 km (325 mi),
- India - 2912 km (1,810 mi),
- Iran - 909 km (565 mi).
The capital city of Pakistan is Islamabad. The largest cities in Pakistan are Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Multan, Hyderabad, Peshawar, Quetta.
The average elevation range of Pakistan is 900 m (2,953 ft). The highest point of Pakistan is K2, with its official height being 8611 m (28,253 ft). The lowest point of Pakistan is Arabian Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (K2) and lowest (Arabian Sea) points of Pakistan is 8611 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Pakistan is 907,132 km² (approx. 350,244 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 235,999 km² (~91,119 mi²). The continental shelf of Pakistan is approximately 51,383 km² (around 19,839 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Pakistan is approximately 1,143,131 km² (~441,363 mi²). Pakistan is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
42,240 km² of Pakistan's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 5% of all the land in the country. There are 190,319 km² of arable land in Pakistan, and it comprises 21% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Pakistan are arable land, natural gas, petroleum, coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone.