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Geography of Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 462,840 km² (approx. 178,703 mi²). Continental shelf of Papua New Guinea is approximately 191,256 km² (around 73,844 mi²). Papua New Guinea is located in Oceania. Oceania is a region that comprises many of the islands found in the tropical Pacific Ocean. It is sometimes referred to as Oceanica. Countries in Oceania include, but are not limited to, New Zealand and The Solomon Islands. Papua New Guinea shares its borders with Indonesia. Papua New Guinea is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Papua New Guinea is 667 m (2,188 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Papua New Guinea is 824 kilometers (~318 miles). Papua New Guinea has 1 unique land boundary with a neighbouring territory - Indonesia. The length of said border is 820 km (510 mi).

Cities

The capital city of Papua New Guinea is Port Moresby. The largest city in Papua New Guinea is Port Moresby.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Papua New Guinea is 667 m (2,188 ft). The highest point of Papua New Guinea is Mount Wilhelm, with its official height being 4509 m (14,794 ft). The lowest point of Papua New Guinea is Pacific Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Wilhelm) and lowest (Pacific Ocean) points of Papua New Guinea is 4509 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Papua New Guinea is 462,840 km² (approx. 178,703 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 2,402,288 km² (~927,524 mi²). The continental shelf of Papua New Guinea is approximately 191,256 km² (around 73,844 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Papua New Guinea is approximately 2,865,128 km² (~1,106,227 mi²). Papua New Guinea is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

294,370 km² of Papua New Guinea's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 64% of all the land in the country. There are 2,219 km² of arable land in Papua New Guinea, and it comprises 0% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Papua New Guinea are gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries.