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Geography of Philippines

Philippines is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 343,448 km² (approx. 132,605 mi²). Continental shelf of Philippines is approximately 272,921 km² (around 105,375 mi²). Philippines is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Philippines is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Philippines is 442 m (1,450 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Philippines is 0 kilometers (~0 miles). Philippines has no land borders, meaning that it also has no neighbouring countries in the traditional sense of the word.

Cities

The capital city of Philippines is Manila. The largest cities in Philippines are Manila, Quezon City.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Philippines is 442 m (1,450 ft). The highest point of Philippines is Mount Apo, with its official height being 2954 m (9,692 ft). The lowest point of Philippines is Philippine Sea, China Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Mount Apo) and lowest (Philippine Sea, China Sea) points of Philippines is 2954 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Philippines is 343,448 km² (approx. 132,605 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 1,590,780 km² (~614,201 mi²). The continental shelf of Philippines is approximately 272,921 km² (around 105,375 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Philippines is approximately 1,934,228 km² (~746,806 mi²). Philippines is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

71,620 km² of Philippines's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 21% of all the land in the country. There are 56,652 km² of arable land in Philippines, and it comprises 16% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Philippines are timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper.