Culture of Portugal
People in Portugal speak the Portuguese language. The linguistic diversity of Portugal is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale which for Portugal is 0.0198. The followers of Christianity are the religious majority in the country. 61.1% of Portugal's population live in cities. This percentage comprises the urban population of Portugal. The rate of urbanization in Portugal is considered to be 1.4. According to data on inbound tourists in Portugal, 8,097,000 tourists arrive in the country each year.
The national anthem of Portugal is called 'A Portuguesa', which in English means 'The Portuguese'. It was adopted in 1911. The lyrics have been written by Henrique Lopes de Mendonça and the music has been composed by Alfredo Keil.
The first McDonalds in Portugal was opened on 23 May 1991, and it was located in CascaiShopping, Cascais. At the moment Portugal has 151 operating McDonalds restaurants. The number of operating McDonalds restaurants in a country is indicative of the influence of Western culture and globalization in that country. Operating McDonalds restaurants could also have a direct impact on the health of a nation's citizens. Around 24% of the population of Portugal are obese.
Each year, the people of Portugal consume 1.9 litre of alcohol per capita, and this volume consists of 30.8% beer, 55.5% wine, 10.9% distilled spirits, 2.8% other alcohol.
One of the most popular national dishes of Portugal is bacalhau. Other national dishes include francesinha.