Geography of Romania
Romania is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 238,391 km² (approx. 92,043 mi²). Continental shelf of Romania is approximately 19,303 km² (around 7,453 mi²). Romania is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Romania has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Bulgaria, Hungary, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine. Romania is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Romania is 414 m (1,358 ft).
Total length of land borders of Romania is 2844 kilometers (~1,098 miles). Romania has 6 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 5 different countries. Romania has 1 non-contiguous section of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. Romania has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Bulgaria, Hungary, Moldova, Serbia, and Ukraine. The lengths of the land borders of Romania with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Bulgaria - 608 km (378 mi),
- Hungary - 443 km (275 mi),
- Moldova - 450 km (280 mi),
- Serbia - 476 km (296 mi),
- Ukraine - 531 km (330 mi).
The capital city of Romania is Bucharest. The largest city in Romania is Bucharest.
The average elevation range of Romania is 414 m (1,358 ft). The highest point of Romania is Moldoveanu, with its official height being 2544 m (8,347 ft). The lowest point of Romania is Black Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Moldoveanu) and lowest (Black Sea) points of Romania is 2544 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Romania is 238,391 km² (approx. 92,043 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 23,627 km² (~9,122 mi²). The continental shelf of Romania is approximately 19,303 km² (around 7,453 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Romania is approximately 262,018 km² (~101,165 mi²). Romania is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
69,610 km² of Romania's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 29% of all the land in the country. There are 90,961 km² of arable land in Romania, and it comprises 38% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Romania are petroleum, timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower.