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Geography of Senegal

Senegal is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 196,722 km² (approx. 75,954 mi²). Continental shelf of Senegal is approximately 23,092 km² (around 8,916 mi²). Senegal is located in Africa. Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most populous continent. African countries include, but are not limited to, South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Egypt. Senegal has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include The Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania. Senegal is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Senegal is 69 m (226 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Senegal is 2684 kilometers (~1,036 miles). Senegal shares its land borders with 5 different countries, and has the same number of unique land boundaries to neigbouring territories. As in the case of Senegal, if a country has the same number of unique neighboring territories as number of land borders, than that country has no non-contiguous sections of a land border. This is in contrast to several countries that have multiple non-contiguous sections of land borders. Senegal has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include The Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, and Mauritania. The lengths of the land borders of Senegal with its neighbouring countries are as follows:

Cities

The capital city of Senegal is Dakar. The largest city in Senegal is Dakar.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Senegal is 69 m (226 ft). The highest point of Senegal is an unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha, with its official height being 581 m (1,906 ft). The lowest point of Senegal is Atlantic Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (an unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha) and lowest (Atlantic Ocean) points of Senegal is 581 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Senegal is 196,722 km² (approx. 75,954 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 158,861 km² (~61,336 mi²). The continental shelf of Senegal is approximately 23,092 km² (around 8,916 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Senegal is approximately 355,583 km² (~137,291 mi²). Senegal is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

86,730 km² of Senegal's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 44% of all the land in the country. There are 24,019 km² of arable land in Senegal, and it comprises 12% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Senegal are fish, phosphates, iron ore.