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Demographics of Serbia

The total population of Serbia is 8,762,027 people. People in Serbia speak the Serbian language. The linguistic diversity of Serbia is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale which for Serbia is 0. The median age is approximately 41.9 years. Life expectancy in Serbia is 75. The female fertility rate in Serbia is 1.6. Around 25% of the population of Serbia are obese. The ethnic diversity is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale which for Serbia is 0.5736. To find out specifics of language, religion, age, gender distribution, and advancement of people in Serbia see the sections below, as well as visit the section concerning the education in the country.

Population

In Serbia, the population density is 92 people per square kilometer (239 per square mile). Because of this statistic, this country is considered to be sparsely populated. The total population of Serbia is 8,762,027 people. Serbia has approximately 807,441 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Serbia represent 0.3 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. Immigrants in Serbia represent 5.6 percent of the total number of immigrants in the world. The ethnic diversity of Serbia is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionalization (EF) deals with the number, sizes, socioeconomic distribution, and geographical location of distinct cultural groups, usually in a state or some otherwise delineated territory. Specific cultural features might refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. Frequently, these features are used for social exclusion and the monopolization of power. The index of ethnic fractionalization in Serbia is 0.5736. This means that there is a relatively high number of unique ethnic groups in Serbia. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group shares, which reproduces the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below for statistics of Serbia on median age and gender distribution at various ages.

Age

The median age is approximately 41.9 years. The median age for men is 40.2, while the median age for women is 43.6.

Gender

The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.07. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.07; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1; sex ratio over 64 - 0.7; total sex ratio - 0.95. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.

Religion

The majority religion of Serbia is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 92.5% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are some followers of folk religions in Serbia. The religious diversity of Serbia is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Serbia. The index of religious fractionalization in Serbia is 0. This score means that there is only one major religion within Serbia: Christianity. Some minor beliefs, however, can also be encountered.

General development

Serbia is considered to be a developing nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developing nation, Serbia may not be able to offer consistent social services to its citizens. These social services may include things like public education, reliable healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing nations may have lower life expectancies than citizens of developed nations. In Serbia, 48.1 in every 100 people use internet. Serbia has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.745. Serbia has an upper medium HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life, though some citizens will not be able to achieve high living standards. In Serbia, 9.1% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Serbia is low, indicating that it has a stable economy. Investors should consider Serbia to be a safe location for investments and other financial ventures.

Language

People in Serbia speak the Serbian language. The linguistic diversity of Serbia is almost homogeneous according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of unrelated languages spoken in Serbia. The index of linguistic fractionalization in Serbia is 0. This means that within the country there is one major language and a few minor languages. Unrelated languages share few characteristics of grammatical structure, vocabulary, and etymological heritage. Linguistic diversity often results in issues of social and cultural fractionalization that can impact a country’s political circumstance and public policies.