Geography of Spain
Spain is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 505,370 km² (approx. 195,124 mi²). Continental shelf of Spain is approximately 77,920 km² (around 30,085 mi²). Spain is located in Europe. Europe is a continent whose borders date back to the period of antiquity. European countries include, but are not limited to, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Malta, and The Vatican. Spain has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Andorra, France, Gibraltar, Portugal, Morocco. Spain is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Spain is 660 m (2,165 ft).
Total length of land borders of Spain is 1952.7 kilometers (~754 miles). Spain has 9 unique land boundaries with neigbouring territories and it shares its land borders with 5 different countries. Spain has 4 non-contiguous sections of land borders. This happens, when a country has a border with a neighbour, and this border is split by a border with another neighbour. Spain has 5 neighbouring countries. Its neighbours include Andorra, France, Gibraltar, Portugal, and Morocco. The lengths of the land borders of Spain with its neighbouring countries are as follows:
- Andorra - 63.7 km (39 mi),
- France - 623 km (387 mi),
- Gibraltar - 1.2 km (1 mi),
- Portugal - 1214 km (755 mi),
- Morocco - 17 km (11 mi).
The capital city of Spain is Madrid. The largest city in Spain is Madrid.
The average elevation range of Spain is 660 m (2,165 ft). The highest point of Spain is Teide, with its official height being 3718 m (12,199 ft). The lowest point of Spain is Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea. The elevation difference between the highest (Teide) and lowest (Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea) points of Spain is 3718 m (2 ft).
The total land area of Spain is 505,370 km² (approx. 195,124 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 1,039,233 km² (~401,248 mi²). The continental shelf of Spain is approximately 77,920 km² (around 30,085 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Spain is approximately 1,544,603 km² (~596,372 mi²). Spain is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.
Forest and arable land
184,180 km² of Spain's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 36% of all the land in the country. There are 135,776 km² of arable land in Spain, and it comprises 27% of the country's total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
The most notable natural resources found in Spain are coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land.