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Geography of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is considered to be a large nation because of its total area. Its total land area is 65,610 km² (approx. 25,332 mi²). Continental shelf of Sri Lanka is approximately 32,453 km² (around 12,530 mi²). Sri Lanka is located in Asia. Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent. Asian countries include, but are not limited to, Russia, China, Japan, Hong Kong, and North and South Korea. Sri Lanka shares its borders with India. Sri Lanka is not a landlocked country. It means that is is bordered by at least one major body of water. The average elevation range of Sri Lanka is 228 m (748 ft).

Neighbors

Total length of land borders of Sri Lanka is 0 kilometers (~0 miles). Sri Lanka has 1 unique land boundary with a neighbouring territory - India. The length of said border is 0.1 km (0 mi).

Cities

The capital city of Sri Lanka is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (official); Colombo (former capital; has some government offices). The largest cities in Sri Lanka are Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Colombo.

Elevation

The average elevation range of Sri Lanka is 228 m (748 ft). The highest point of Sri Lanka is Pidurutalagala, with its official height being 2524 m (8,281 ft). The lowest point of Sri Lanka is Indian Ocean. The elevation difference between the highest (Pidurutalagala) and lowest (Indian Ocean) points of Sri Lanka is 2524 m (2 ft).

Area

The total land area of Sri Lanka is 65,610 km² (approx. 25,332 mi²). and the total exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is 532,619 km² (~205,644 mi²). The continental shelf of Sri Lanka is approximately 32,453 km² (around 12,530 mi²). Including land mass and EEZ, the total area of Sri Lanka is approximately 598,229 km² (~230,976 mi²). Sri Lanka is considered to be a large nation because of its total area.

Forest and arable land

19,330 km² of Sri Lanka's territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 29% of all the land in the country. There are 9,038 km² of arable land in Sri Lanka, and it comprises 14% of the country's total territory.

Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.

Natural resources

The most notable natural resources found in Sri Lanka are limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower, arable land.